In total, South America consists of 13 countries and six island states. By far the largest country in South America is Brazil with an area of 8,515,770 square kilometers.
A total of 418 million people live on 17,843,000 square kilometers on the continent.
Since South America was divided between Spain and Portugal in 1494, Portuguese is spoken in Brazil today, while in almost all other South American countries the national language is Spanish.
The climate in South America could not be more diverse. There are many different climate zones here. One reason for this is its location between the two oceans Atlantic and Pacific. But the topographical conditions also play a major role. The altitude or whether it is a coastal region, a desert or a rainforest have an influence on the climate.